What are childhood disorders?

Childhood disorders, often known as developmental disorders or learning disorders, are most common in school-aged children and are diagnosed at that age. Although some adults may connect to some of these disorders' symptoms, the disorder's symptoms must have initially appeared in the person's childhood. It's not uncommon for a child to have multiple conditions. Neuro-developmental, emotional, and behavioural abnormalities in children have wide-ranging and profound negative consequences for their psychological and social well-being.

Types of childhood disorders

Children's mental disorders are defined as significant changes in how children learn, behave, or handle their emotions, which create discomfort and make it difficult for them to get through the day. The following are examples of childhood mental illnesses:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
  • Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED)
  • Conduct Disorder (CD)
  • Elimination Disorders
  • Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
  • Tics and Tourette’s Syndrome
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

How are child disorders treated?

Mental, emotional, and behavioural illnesses in children can lead to long-term issues that affect children's health and well-being and the health and well-being of their families and communities. Early treatment of a child's mental health issues can aid in the reduction of problems at home, in school, and in the formation of friendships. It can also assist in the development of healthy adulthood. Treatments can include:

  • Behaviour management and parental training
  • Psycho-education
  • Supportive Therapy
  • Psychodynamic Therapy
  • Childhood behavioural therapy
  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy
  • Problem Solving Therapy
  • Family therapy
  • Interpersonal psychotherapy
  • Individual psychotherapy
1How many children suffer from childhood disorders?
A mental health condition affects 10% of children and adolescents worldwide. Still, the majority of them do not seek help or receive treatment.
2Can childhood disorders be caused by genetics?
Many critical environmental risk factors for childhood mental illnesses, such as family conflict and life experiences, might be linked to and interact with an individual's genetic makeup.
3What are behavioural and emotional disorders?
Several emotional and behavioural disorders affect children and adolescents, including anger outbursts, depression, anxiety, and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, classified as either internalising or externalising difficulties according to the DSM. Behavioural disorders are considered externalising disorders among youth and emotional disorders are considered to be internalising disorders among youth.