What are psychotic spectrum disorders?

Schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, schizophreniform disorder, brief psychotic disorder, substance-induced psychosis and psychosis due to a medical condition are all examples of Schizophrenia Spectrum and other Psychotic Disorders . Schizophrenia and kindred psychotic disorders are among the most debilitating kinds of psychopathology, with severe consequences for an individual's educational, occupational, and social functioning. Regrettably, these disorders frequently manifest during the transition from youth to adulthood, at a period when young people generally are becoming self-sufficient young adults. People can become psychotic for various reasons, including substance misuse, hallucinogen usage, or mental illnesses such as schizophrenia.

Types of psychotic spectrum disorders

Psychotic disorders come in a variety of forms, including:

  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizoaffective disorder
  • Schizophreniform disorder
  • Brief psychotic disorder
  • Delusional disorder
  • Substance-induced psychotic disorder
  • Psychotic disorder due to another medical condition

How are psychotic spectrum disorders treated?

The treatment for psychosis is determined by the cause. It could include symptom-controlling medications as well as psychotherapy. In severe circumstances where a person is a danger to himself or others, hospitalisation is indicated. Many of the symptoms can be managed with medication. An individual may need to test a variety of medications to see which one works best. Medication adherence is very important and has to be taken as long as the treating psychiatrist advises. Additional treatments can assist individuals in managing symptoms on a day-to-day basis. Individual psychotherapy, family psycho-education, rehabilitation, and skills training are among them.


Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder. It can cause people to hear voices that other people cannot hear and see things that other people cannot, which is called auditory and visual hallucinations, respectively. Thus, this chronic mental illness involves psychosis (an impaired sense of reality that frequently involves hallucinations); delusions (fixed false beliefs); impaired cognitive processes (such as disorganised speech); unusual or disorganised motor behaviour; and a cluster of uncommon behaviours that affect the individual socially and occupationally. Individuals with this challenge may believe that others are attempting to harm them, which is referred to as persecutory delusions. As a result of the distressing nature of the symptoms, individuals may struggle to fulfil responsibilities or take care of themselves. It usually has an impact on their career or school performance, as well as their personal relationships.


1When does psychotic spectrum disorders present themselves?
Symptoms of schizophrenia usually appear in men slightly earlier than women. On average, men are diagnosed in their late teens to early '20s, while women tend to get diagnosed in their late 20's to early '30s. When individuals experience symptoms associated with schizophrenia before the age of 18, it is referred to as early-onset schizophrenia. Schizophrenia in children under the age of 13 and in adults over 40 is relatively uncommon.
2What is psychosis?
Psychosis occurs when a person loses touch with reality. This could include seeing or hearing things that other people cannot (hallucinations) and believing things that aren't true (delusions).